Advantages and savings
Taking into account all the essential parameters and facts concerning different energy sources that are currently available on the market, natural gas emerges as the most cost-effective energy source with a great potential for the future.
The advantage of natural gas with respect to other energy sources is in the fact that the monthly cost of heating is paid after you use it for heating, which is not the case with other energy sources that you first need to purchase in order to use them. Furthermore, in order to use it, you don't need additional storage, natural gas is available at all times, and its use can begin at the press of a single button, or even automatically, by programming the thermostat in your home, and in this way we can guarantee you the greatest level of comfort in comparison with other energy sources.
As a result of a relatively long history of exploitation and experience gained in the gas business, gas is nowadays very safe to use. Furthermore, today's advanced appliances have recorded their greatest technological development precisely in the natural gas segment and they achieve a very high degree of efficiency.
If we take into account all the facts concerning this energy source, it is clear that natural gas is an attractive choice for a broad range of consumers. Prudent use of natural gas can enable you to achieve savings that can amount to more than 50% in respect to other available energy sources.
Preserving the environment
Prirodni plin je ekološki najprihvatljivije fosilno gorivo jer njegov glavni sastojak, metan, sagorijeva gotovo u potpunosti i pri tome ne nastaje pepeo. Prirodni plin ima manju emisiju ugljičnog dioksida (CO2) od nafte i ugljena, pa se njegovim korištenjem smanjuje emisija stakleničkih plinova. Bitno je napomenuti da njegova ekološka prihvatljivost ne utječe na njegovu iskoristivost, već omogućava manje zagađenje okoliša uz zadržavanje visokog stupnja iskorištenja i komfora uporabe.
Composition and origin
Natural gas is a gaseous mixture of various hydrocarbons consisting mainly (over 90%) of methane (CH4). Other hydrocarbons are present in smaller measure (ethane, propane, butane and traces of heavier hydrocarbons), as well as carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen (N2), and it is possible to have traces of helium, hydrogen sulphide, argon, hydrogen, mercury and other fumes. The origin, type and ratio of these components in natural gas depend on the type of mother rock, the influence of magmatic or hydrothermic processes in the lithosphere and on the processes of migration of natural gas. The main component of natural gas, methane, is a colourless gas that burns with a blue flame.
Natural gas is extracted from underground fields at depths that range from several meters to over 5 kilometres. It is found in porous layers of sedimentary and eruptive rock, and it can occur in individual or in associated fields together with oil. After extraction, natural gas is transported by pipelines in gaseous form, or by ships and tank trucks in liquefied form.